Teratogenicity on Duck Embryos (Anas platyrhynchos) under Regulated Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation

Vanezah T. Amil, Lordy Grace C. Itang, Noreen B. Agonia, Riza Mae A. Eayte, Pamela Grace A. Espina, Ruth Jean Y. Maratas, Edna P. Oconer

Abstract


The study explored the adverse effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation emitted by mobile phones to embryonic rudiments of duck during its early, mid, and late developmental terms. The research utilized a total of seventy-two (72) duck (Anas platyrhynchos) embryos which were resolved into three (3) experimental groups. Experimental groups were exposed to 1800 MHz RF radiation in varying time duration (1.5 hour per day and 3 hours per day) for seven (7) days. Results showed that damaging effect of RF radiation was no longer observed on later stages of duck embryonic development (midterm and late term) except on early stages. Gross morphological deformities were highly observed on wings. Other structures tested with significant degree of malformations were crown rump length, length of hindlimbs, size of head, length of beak and area of blood islands. Size of head and crown rump length also showed significant level of deformities for late term duck embryos exposed to radiation. The morphological alterations may highly signify a deeper consequence of rigorous exposure to RF radiation which was claimed to be a source of teratogenic mutations.

Keywords


duck early-term development, duck embryonic morphology, mobile phone radiation, RFR, teratogenicity

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Copyright (c) 2015 Vanezah T. Amil, Lordy Grace C. Itang, Noreen B. Agonia, Riza Mae A. Eayte, Pamela Grace A. Espina, Ruth Jean Y. Maratas, Edna P. Oconer

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