Best Practices in Developing Reading Proficiency in the Mother-Tongue Among Public Schools in Butuan City

Miraluna L. Herrera, Bryan M. Luzon

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to determine best practices in the implementation of mother tongue (MT) as a subject in primary education – grades I, II and III. Accordingly, this paper examined the efficacy of mother-tongue-based instruction (MTBI) strategies in developing reading proficiency of primary graders. To address this research goal, the mixed method design embedded in correlation model was used. Survey questionnaires were administered to teacher and learner participants chosen at random from the elementary schools of East 1 Butuan District. Percent and mean were used to describe extent of practices and reading proficiency while pearson correlation or spearman correlation was used to describe and test correlation. Findings show that MTBI strategies such as making instructional materials, listening with MT words, translating first language (L1) to second language (L2) and vice versa, use-of- imagination strategy, team-building strategy, and strategy for cognitively challenged were highly employed in the schools of East 1 Butuan District while integration of technology and reading MT words are of moderate manifestation. Pupils have frustration or poor proficiency in terms of reading fluency which needs remediation while they are independent or have high proficiency in terms of listening and comprehensions skills. Analysis of the results and findings shows that the best practices in the MTBI include strategies on listening with materials in MT such as listening with Visayan stories and listening news from local radio station, on using of imagination and on making of instructional materials.

Keywords


best practices; Mother tongue; MTBI strategies; reading proficiency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams, M. J. (1990). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. Cambridge, MA: Bolt, Beranek, and Newman. Inc.

Baker, M. (2011). In other words: A coursebook on translation, 2nd ed. Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN: Routledge.

Brown, K. (2014). Best practices in mother tongue based multilingual education. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved from goo.gl/CZNTNq

Boud, D., Keogh, R., and Walker, D. (Eds.). (2013). Reflection: Turning experience into learning. 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN: Routledge.

Carbo, M. (1986). Teaching Students to Read through their individual learning styles. Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Creswell, J. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed., SAGE Publications, Inc., USA

Dickinson, D. K., & Tabors, P. O. (2001). Beginning literacy with language: Young children learning at home and school. P.O. Box 10624, Baltimore: Paul H Brookes Publishing

Dickinson, D., & Neuman, S., Eds. (2006). Handbook of early literacy research, 2. New York: Guildford Press. Jabak

Durkin, D. (1993). Teaching them to read (6th Ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Dutcher, N. (2003). Education today: The mother tongue dilemma. No. 6 p.5, UNESCO 2003.

Eccles, J. S., & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53(1), 109-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135153

Ganschow, L., Sparks, R, & Javorsky, J. (1998). Foreign language learning difficulties: An historical perspective. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 31(3), 248-258.

Gough, P.B. & Tunmer, W.E. (1986). Decoding, reading, and reading disability. Remedial and Special Education, 7(1), 6–10

Inandi, Y. & Gilic, F. (2016). Relationship of teachers’ readiness for change with their participation in decision making and school culture. Educational Research and Reviews, Vol. 11(8), pp. 823-833, http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2730

Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (2009). The stakes: Linguistic diversity, linguistic human rights and mother-tongue-based multilingual education-or linguistic genocide, crimes against humanity and an even faster destruction of biodiversity and our planet. In Keynote presentation at the Bamako International Forum on Multilingualism, Bamako, Mali (pp. 19-21).

Krashen, S. D. (1981). Bilingual education and second language acquisition theory. Schooling and language minority students: A theoretical framework, 51-79. California State University, Los Angeles, California: Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center. Retrieved from

goo.gl/wDbdQf

Ministry of Education and Culture (2014). Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education. Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education. Senayan, Jakarta: National Office for Research and Development (BALITBANG). Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/176282/ino-mother-tongue-multilingual-education.pdf

Neuman, S., Copple, C., & Bredekamp, S. (2000). Learning to read and write: Developmentally appropriate practices for young children, ISBN-0-935989-87-0, ERIC Number: ED463904, National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC

Newmark, P. (1988). A textbook of translation. Hemel Hempstead: Prentice Hall. Retrieved from

goo.gl/gNyvTK

Parker, S., Canning, J., Grady, M.C., Rau, J., White, R., Blong, L.,…, Landry, L. (Eds.). (2000). Why Children Succeed or Fail at Reading? The Special Edge 14(1), p.1,6. 1801 East Cotati Avenue, Rohnert Park, California 94928, Sonoma State University: CalSTAT/CIHS. Retrieved from

http://www.calstat.org/publications/pdfs/2000fallE.pdf

Paul Stone, R. J. (2012). A professional development program for the mother tongue base teacher: addressing teacher knowledge and attitudes about MTB-MLE. Dissertations (592). University of Massachusetts - Amherst. Retrieved from goo.gl/EVJCQm

Peach, M., Jimmieson, N.L., & White, K.M. (2005). Beliefs underlying employee readiness to support a building relocation: A theory of planned behavior perspective. Org. Dev. J., 23(3), 9-22.

Talvio, M., Berg, M. Ketonen, E., Komulainen, E. & Lonka, K. (2015). Progress in teachers’ readiness to promote positive youth development among students during the lions quest teaching workshop. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 3(6).

Teale, W., & Yokota, J. (2000). Beginning reading and writing: Perspectives on instruction. Beginning reading and writing: Language and literacy series, 3-21

Williams, A.B, Metila, R.A, Pradilla, L. A.S, & Digo, M.M.B. (2014). Investigating best practice in MTB-MLE in the Philippines MTB-MLE: Phase 1 Progress Report; Strategies and challenges in MTB-MLE implementation in the early years. Assessment, Curriculum and Technology Research Centre, Quezon City: University of the Philippines. Retrieved from goo.gl/YQa2WF

Wisdom, J.P., Chor, K.H.B., Hoagwood, K.E., & Horwitz, S.M. (2014). Innovation adoption: a review of theories and constructs. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 41(4), 480-502.

Wong, G., Greenhalgh, T., & Pawson, R. (2010). Internet-based medical education: A realist review of what works, for whom and in what circumstances. BMC Medical Education, 10(1), 12


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Miraluna L. Herrera, Bryan M. Luzon

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.